The wood of this tree is used for posts, rough construction, and ties. The leaves of this tree look the same. The bark of these trees is either brown or gray in color, but it is scaly. There are almost 300 known oak tree species in the world and 55 of them are native to North America of which most are in the eastern part of the United States. The eastern cottonwood tree generally flourishes alongside lakes and streams. A pitch pine tree is small to medium sized, coniferous tree that is commonly found in North America and Europe. The shape of a leaf can also give clues when identifying broadleaf tree species. The Grounds Guys can give you some pointers to help you handpick the right types of trees for your yard based on these -- and many other -- merits. Since this tree grows quite rapidly, it is often used for its high quality lumber. The wood of the tree is soft, light, and it decays quickly. The bark of this tree is brown gray in color and tends to differ from the bark of an American elm tree. Each l. Discover the different types of Willow trees here. The reason for this is that the trunk quite thin and tall with colored rendering on it. This tree is extremely valuable for its timber. The leaves are found in clusters and they have leaflets that are stemmed. The Valley Oak, or Quercus lobata, has been called white oak, swamp oak, bottom oak, mush oak and water oak, and the Spaniards have named it roble. Get out and explore all the different types of trees in Wisconsin. It grows in a special type of soil which provides it with the nutrients it needs in order to grow and develop. The bark of this tree is smooth and gray green when it is young. Sweetgum is one of the most aggressive pioneer tree species and quickly takes over abandoned fields and unmanaged cut-over forests. The bark of the cucumber tree is brown gray in color and it has long narrow furrows that disperse as they reach the top. Here are the 10 most commonplace native trees in the United States, based on several Federal surveys of tree species stem count, and are listed here in order of estimated numbers of trees by species: We inspire people to plant, nurture, and celebrate trees. Although, this tree grows the best in moist, deep soils, it can do well in other types of soils as well. Even though they have different genus names; eucalyptus is often referred to as eucalypt in European nations. The wood of this tree is hard, very heavy, strong, and coarse-grained with a deep brown color. By Tim MacWelch. The only difference is that the teeth on these leaves are smaller. The inner bark has a beautiful red color. The wood of the bitternut hickory tree is often used for lumber and pulpwood. The wood of this tree is quite similar to the wood of quaking aspen (mentioned below) and it is used for boxes, pulp, woodenware, creates, and excelsior. Sometimes, the bark starts to peel off and it reveals a yellow orange inner bark that is often used to yield yellow dye. The bark of this tree is very thin and flakey. The bark is yellow-green and sometimes even white. The bark of the black walnut tree is dark, thick, furrowed and brown gray in color. However, recently, this tree is being spotted in gardens and parks as an ornamental piece. Moreover, the fruits of this tree are important for wildlife. The most popular type of maple tree would be the sugar maple tree as this is the one that produces maple syrup while having valuable wood, beautiful aesthetic qualities, food for the wildlife, and watershed protection. The twigs are the same color but they are smooth and flat. Out of all the willow tree species, the black willow tree is the biggest and most widely spread species. The main types of maple trees are sugar maple, red maple, silver maple, Japanese maple, Norway maple and paperbark maple. Although, this tree has an attractive appeal to it, it does not have any value for timber. Because the bark of the pitch pine three is very thick, it is a fire resistant tree. Just like the red spruce tree wood, this tree has wood that is great to make chemical wood pulp as well. The bark of this tree is light brown red in color and the leaves of this tree vary from being red brown to dark green. Most of the times, these trees are used for ornamental purposes in the different nations around the globe. The bark of this tree is rough and brown yellow when the tree is young. The wood of the black cherry tree is always in demand because of its fantastic qualities and it is used for tools, fence posts, cabinet making, interior design, and tires. The best situations for a black walnut tree to grow would be well drained, rich soiled bottomlands. The color of the wood is rich brown with a few hints of light brown. Moreover, the acorns that grow on the white oak tree are quite important for wildlife. Most evergreen trees are needle bearing while evergreen shrubs also include broadleaf varieties. Every sassafras tree has its own type of leaves. Quaking aspen is a deciduous tree native to the colder areas of North America. It is only found in cold, high elevated areas such as the Carpathian Mountains and the Alps. The bark is brown and red, but as it gets older, it becomes chalky white. Silver birch (Betula pendula) is a medium-sized deciduous tree with white peeling bark. Phoenix parks are home to thousands of mature trees that provide crucial shade and air quality benefits for the entire city. This tree is frequently spotted on moist soils, but it can grow on roads and along fences. A paper birch tree is a medium sized, deciduous, and short-lived tree that is commonly found in North America. The tree trunk is usually divided, forming a V-shape, with a dense, symmetrical crown. An American hophornbeam tree is a small sized, deciduous tree that is found in eastern North America, Central America, and Mexico. Depending on the species of the trees, some leaves might be oval, star, or heart-, Are also referred to as evergreens, which means they will be green all year round despite changing seasons. Since these flowers have a beautiful appearance, these trees are commonly used for ornamental purposes. When this tree is planted in forests, it grows into being a straight branched tall tree, but when it is planted in open spaces and fields, it tends to grow newer to the ground. The wood of this tree is tough, strong, hard, heavy, coarse grained, hard to work with and light brown in color. It is considered being one of the most valuable and common forest trees in the United States. This is what gave it its name as “shagbark” hickory. The Maple Tree: Maple is a common type of shrub. The wood is often used for furniture, fence posts, and interiors. An eastern cottonwood tree is a large, fast growing, short lived, deciduous tree that is commonly found in the United States of America, Canada, and Mexico. The wood is strong, coarse-grained, hard, and tough, with a fine surface. The trunk is flat, and rough with black ridges. The immature acorns are what help distinguishing black oaks from white oaks. The leaves of the cucumber tree have an entire margin. The bark of the butternut tree is light gray in color and quite smooth when it is young, but as the tree matures the color of the bark changes along with its texture. It is one of the most valuable timber trees, and often planted for ornamental purposes in open spaces. The inner bark color is red. This medium-sized tree is favored for its uniform, upright growth. Its leaf shape is the emblem of the Dominion of Canada and the tree is the staple of the Northeast maple syrup industry. Evergreen Trees for Landscaping. This species has the most extensive native range of any North American conifer. The leaves of the basswood tree are simple, heart shaped that vary from 5 to 10 inches in length. The wood is strong, touch, heavy, hard, and dark brown in color. They are dark brown in color and they contain a strong scent which is released when the leaf is crushed. In the past, it is has been used as insulator pins implanted on pole lines. It is most commonly found in Minnesota, Florida, Maine, Texas, and Quebec. The leaves of this tree are similar to the leaves of other chestnut trees. It can grow on both moist and dry sites and covers coastal and mountain slopes from 0 to 11,000'. All taxa in this guide 78 taxa matching current filters Note: most browsers have an option to print to PDF The inner bark of this tree has a white slimy, glue like substance on it which is why it is called “slippery” elm. Since trees are what ultimately add beauty to a garden because of their glorious outlook, it is important to plant a mix of deciduous and coniferous trees. The wood of the butternut tree is soft but not strong, light, coarse grained, durable, easy to work with and light brown in color. While some have 3 lobes, there are a few that may have 5; however, this is quite rare. Similar to the other pine trees, the scots pine has wood that is coarse-grained, thick, and brown in color. These species grow faster than oaks and do not require as much sunlight, shading out smaller trees. Growth: shrub, tree; perennial Status: native; common Habitat: rocky slopes in mountain forests at elevations of 8,000 to 11,500 ft (2,400 to 3,500 m) Usually seen as a spreading low shrub, occasionally as a small tree with open irregular crown. A shadbush is a small sized, deciduous tree or shrub that is commonly found in the Northern Hemisphere. It is commonly grown in shaded areas, steep mountain slopes, or at the border of a deep swamp. It is commonly used for agricultural implements, fuel, handles, and vehicles. They let out a strong aroma when they are crushed. The trunk of the tree is made with woody tissue (that gives it strength) and vascular tissue (that allows it to carry important materials from one part of it to another). In fact, from 1907 to 1973, this was reflected by of the state tree simply being 'native oak'. A tulip tree is a large tree often identified because of its attractive and unique outlook. This tree is commonly found around the state and it can be found at an altitude of 2000 feet as well. The wood of this tree is hard, strong, and tough, coarse grained, and heavy. It is commonly found in North America and East Asia. There are about 60 species of hardwood birch trees of the genus Betula and in the family Betulaceae. They also provide shelter and shade, fuel for heating and cooking, timber and lumber for construction, and fruits. Are also referred to as hardwoods; these are the trees that commonly shed their leaves during the fall time. The bark of this tree is very thin and it peels off quite easily. This is a tree species that cannot grow or flourish in soils that are poorly drained. This oak tree species is found on rocky ridges, hillsides, and dry lands. The leaves of this tree are needle like, shiny, green and they have a strong smell. The wood of this tree is soft yet heavy, coarse grained and tough. Soon breaking up into long, rough, interlacing, rounded ridges separated by ashy-gray fissures. In order to gain a better understanding of oak tree types, it is better to divide them in two groups: the white oaks and the black oaks. White Oak is one of twenty oak tree species native to Illinois. The silver maple tree flourishes when it is planted in similar locations as the red maple tree and its wood is very similar to the red maple tree as well. A banyan tree is a huge, evergreen tree, commonly found in countries around Asia and it is the national tree of India. Trees play a major role in keeping climate moderate and decreasing erosion. The wood of the American chestnut tree is popularly used by farmers because of how rapidly it grows. The bark of this tree is brown gray in color and quite smooth, but as it gets older, dark streaks begin appearing. But there are some interesting endemic trees … The American larch tree wood is used for telegraph poles, railroad ties, and fence posts. When compared to the age of other plants, trees tend to live longer and some even age more than a thousand years. It is valued and it is used for timber, furniture, lock hates and the constructions of jets. The leaves of the sycamore tree are simple and broad. Another thing that sets a tulip tree apart from the rest would be the smell which comes from its twigs. Also, the hunt for the perfect tree will go much smoother if you already know the type of tree you want. It is sometimes planted as an ornamental but out of favor because of the spiky fruit that collects underfoot in the landscape. This tree is usually grown on gravelly soils and dry grounds. Apart from the aesthetics, having trees placed correctly lessens the cooling and heating costs. The leaves of the English elm tree start off as light green but as they mature, they become dark green. This tree is popularly known for its roots and barks as they are commonly used to make sassafras tea and they have been being used for the longest time. The wood of the. They tend to remove carbon dioxide from the air while supplying us with oxygen. The bark of a young sugar maple tree is dark gray, firm, and smooth, but as it gets older it starts becoming furrowed. The leaves of this tree are like needles but they are quite flexible. There are also some trees that are seen as sacred in some cultures while others have main roles in famous tree myths. They overlap each other and they have quite a unique look. A black birch is a medium sized deciduous tree that is commonly found in east North America, commonly in the southern Maine west and southernmost Ontario region. The eastern red cedar tree’s wood is red in color but it has white sapwood highlights on it. Slippery elm tree is strong, hard, heavy, fairy durable when it touches soil, and coarse grained. Sometimes they can even be single compounded. It is quite scaly and possesses an ash-brown color. These are the trees that are commonly found in forests all around the world. When the tree is young, the color of the bark is light brown, but as it gets older, the bark becomes a darker shade of brown. The wood is commonly used for boxes and pulp. The twigs are arranged in a cluster which resembles a fan and they are flat. The leaflets do not have stems. The fruit grown on this tree is quite distinctive as well. Birch Trees. Eastern cottonwood trees are considered as ornamental trees because of their appeal. A sugar maple tree is popularly known for its beautiful, bright foliage and the delicious, rich maple syrup it produces. This short lived tree is used for pulpwood and fuel wood in New York. A white spruce tree is a large sized, coniferous evergreen tree that is commonly found in the boreal forests of North America. They feature incurved teeth along the margin. The reason why it is called a chestnut oak tree is because the leaves are shaped like chestnuts. Apart from being a great source of timber, many wildlife creatures feed off this tree. A shagbark hickory tree is a large, long lived, deciduous tree found in southeast Canada and north east United States. The state tree was decided in 1907 by a vote of school children and in that tradition, another vote was held in 1973, effectively changing the state symbol to Quercus alba, White Oak. The color of the bark turns black. These shoots produce leaves that capture all the light energy and with the help of photosynthesis convert the sugars. The bark of this tree is light green yellow in color and smooth. The wood is quite durable when it comes in contact with any kind of soil. These trees commonly have needle-shaped leaves. A black willow tree is a medium sized, deciduous tree that is commonly found in North America and Europe. There are many trees in this species that are popular all around the globe. It is not as strong as it looks. depending upon species. The leaves of this tree are simple and double compounded. They are shaped just like chestnuts but they do not have bristled tips. It is, therefore, important for everyone to grow at least one tree in their lifetime. The wood of this tree is quite dense and thick. It is native to North America and it is most commonly found in the different provinces of Canada. The bark of this tree is scaly, thick, and brown gray in color. While some oak trees flourish in mountainous areas and forests, others prefer growing in sheltered valleys. It is found in eastern United States and southern Ontario. Basswood is often substituted for white pine as well. The wood of this tree is soft, coarse grained, light, not durable, and light brown in color. A yellow birch tree is a medium sized, deciduous tree that is native to northeastern North America. This tree is extremely popular because it has high quality wood and it has edible, big nuts that grow on it. Taxa to include. Here is a list of many types of common trees that grow in forests, woodlands, fields, and gardens. Sycamore trees are large, deciduous trees that are commonly found in the Northern Hemisphere. The leaves of the pitch pine tree are like needles, very stiff, and they are green yellow in color. The leaves of this tree are compound and oval in shape. White sapwood warps around the wood when there is not enough water content in the roots. A slippery elm tree is a medium sized, deciduous tree that is native to northern America and largely found in North Dakota, Maine, Quebec, Florida, and Texas. The bark of this tree is either brow or ashy grey but as the tree matures the color changes to a darker brown color. An English elm tree (also known as a British elm tree) is a medium sized, fast growing, deciduous tree largely found in Europe. The wood of the black locust tree is very precious and it is often used for fuel wood and ties. This tree is native to eastern North America and is commonly found in Pennsylvania, New Jersey, and some places in Ontario. There are a few species of eucalyptus plants that can be found outside of Australia. The wood of this tree is hard, strong, heavy, and very durable when it comes into contact with soil. As it gets older, it begins to shred off and it reveals a beautiful dark chocolate brown color inner bark. The leaves of the white oaks are rounded and the acorns that grow on it are sweet. The wood of this tree is brittle, light, straight grained and soft. The bark of this tree is red brown and smooth, but as it gets older, the color becomes darker and the bark begins to break a little. The scarlet oak tree is a tree that has vibrant foliage during the fall time and it is commonly planted in soils of poor quality. Even though this tree is commonly spread all over North America, it is not as common as the red maple tree. The Savage A22 BNS-SR Brings “Real Rifle Feel” in a .22 LR Platform . The leaves of this tree simple and oval shaped. The wood of this tree is soft, light, coarse-grained, brittle, light brown and yellow in color, and durable when it comes into contact with soil. However, when it gets older, the bark gets quite rough. The wood of this tree is fragrant, soft, brittle, light, very durable when it gets contacted with soil and it is easy to work with. Unfortunately, this tree became the victim of the Dutch Elm disease, which is why it was no longer seen on streets and at parks. India is also the home to some of the oldest banyan trees ever. The famous elm trees would be the American elm tree, the English elm tree (sometimes called the British elm tree) and Slipper elm tree. The leaves of the quaking aspen are similar to the leaves of the bigtooth aspen. This tree grows best in moist and rich foods. The leaves of the American elm tree are simple and they become dark green as they mature. Forested acres: 22.8 million Percent of land forested: 68% Rank among states for percentage of forested land: 3rd Predominant forest type: Loblolly- Shortleaf Pine Number of urban trees: 205,847,000 (as of 2001) Urban trees per capita: 69 (as of 2001) Number of Tree city USA communities: 84 Number of invasive trees/shrubs: 7 (see state list for noxious/invasive plants) The trunk of the neem tree is straight and rough, reaching the height of almost 100 feet. Nowhere else in the continental United States can you find mangrove trees. The bark of the white oak tree is white and sometimes ashy gray in color. A bigtooth aspen tree is a medium-sized, short-lived, fast-growing deciduous tree. A basswood tree is a medium sized deciduous tree that is commonly found in North America. The wood of this tree is soft, weak, and crooked. It is commonly found in areas around New York. As time has progressed, the bark of the pignut hickory tree has changed as well. A scarlet oak tree is a medium to large sized, deciduous tree native to eastern and central United States. The reason why it is called a cucumber tree is because it grows fruit that looks like cucumbers. It is an upland species that grows well on hillsides and dry ridges. As it starts to mature, the bark starts to get rough around the base of the tree. The bark of this tree is light grey when it is young and quite smooth. The bark of this precious tree is rich brownish gray in color. As an Amazon Associate we earn from qualifying purchases. It is a pine tree of the mountains and grows to an elevation of 11,000 feet. Since there are many subcategories in this tree species, the distinguishing factor is commonly the fruits and flowers that grow on the tree. It is mostly planted on moist and rich uplands when it has sugar maple and beech trees in its surrounding as they all flourish together. The bark of this tree is yellow brown and smooth when it is young. The leaves are simple and pointed. But, this tree grows properly when it is planted in pastures or open woods where it can penetrate maximum amounts of sunlight. In order for a tulip tree to grow beautifully and to its full potential, it is important for the soil to be rich, moist, and deep. The wood of this tree is tough, elastic, heavy, and coarse-grained. The plants that belong to this genus have smooth, hard, stringy or fibrous bark, leaves that have oil glands and they have petals and sepals. The balsam fir tree wood is not used for lumber. The bark of this tree is dark grey and soft. The bark of the tree is dusty brown and light in color, coarse grained and thick while the trunk is quite slim. This visual guide is to introduce you to Florida’s diverse flora, including both common and unusual plants that you may encounter while you are enjoying our trails. Moreover, the leaves can stay on the twig for 3 to 4 years. The tree species illustrated in this booklet are only a few of the more common trees you will find in South Carolina. Discover the different types of Tulips here. It is commonly used for lumber, woodenware, flooring, furniture, airplanes, interior design, and in agriculture. This tree prefers growing on wet lands such as pastures, fields, hillsides, ridge tops and along streams. Identifying traits and uses for common North American trees. Its natural range stretches from east Texas to the pine barrens of New Jersey and is the dominant pine tree harvested for paper and solid wood produces. There are about 30 to 40 species in the Ulmus genus. The leaves are quite unique and very different from the other kinds of leaves at a rainforest. The wood of the black walnut tree is most commonly used for interior works, cabinet making, gunstocks, and high end furniture. 60 Different Types of Trees (Names, Photos and More), How to Get the Lakeside Collection Catalog (and Why You Should), 50 Scandinavian-Style Dining Room Ideas (Photos), 11 Herbs to Grow in Water on Your Windowsill, The Dos, Maybes, and Don’ts of Composting, The Bladderwort Carnivorous Plant (How it Keeps Your Backyard Pond Clean), The Corkscrew Plant (Explaining Carnivorous Plant Traps), PADIGLIONE AGRICOLO BRESSANELLA by a25architetti, Reishi (The Medicinal Mushroom of Immortality). The leaves are triangular, shiny and pointy. Acer saccharum is often called the "star" of eastern North America's autumn foliage show and very common in the region. One of them is the Casuarina pauper, Australian tree species and Quercus kelloggii, the Californian tree species, from western U.S. A chestnut oak tree is a medium sized, deciduous tree that is commonly found in eastern United States. The wood of this tree is weak, soft, and not durable. The evergreen American holly and deciduous winterberry tree are the two most common types of holly trees found in the Chicago area. Above the ground, there are branches that are further divided into smaller shoots. The red maple tree leaf is distinguishable and unique. It has a certain sound managing quality that makes it great for musical instruments. The bark of this tree is red brown in color at first with white breathing incisions. Wisconsin County Forests Association Providing leadership to the county forest program ensuring long-term forest health and sustainability. In this article, we will learn about tree and some of the common types of trees in data structure. A European larch tree is a medium to large sized, mountainous, deciduous and coniferous tree that is found in Europe. It usually stays at 6 inches in diameter as it is a small tree. Without further ado, here are the pros and cons of the top 10 most common live Christmas tree types. The bark of this tree is reddish brown or golden, but it soon turns into chalky white. The wood is often used for ties, pulpwood, and framining lumber. This Canadian native tree is also found in different areas around the United States such as Alaska, Minnesota, and West Virginia. The Common Horsechestnut is a large, deciduous, flowering tree commonly growing to between 50 and 75 feet. Balsam Fir Christmas Trees An American hornbeam is a small-sized, bushy, deciduous tree that is native to North America. It is commonly used for inferior constructions, but it is not used for ties, fuel, and props. In these nations, it is considered a household staple. The bark of this tree is either light red-brown or ash gray. The fruit that grows on this species is referred to as a gumnut because it is shaped like a woody capsule. Gear. The leaves are similar to the other maple tree leaves but, the sugar maple tree leaves are dark green in color. The sugar maple tree is the state tree of New York. The bark of this tree is steel gray, and smooth. An eastern white pine tree is a medium sized, deciduous tree that is most commonly found in North America and in the United Kingdom. The leaves of this tree are –somewhat- big, they have teeth on the margins, and tend to change color as they get older (go from light green to dark green). The wood is used for levels, tools, handles, and it makes the best fuel wood. Steve Nix is a natural resources consultant and a former forest resources analyst for the state of Alabama. A pin cherry is a small cherry tree that is often considered a shrub because of its small size. The wood of this tree is soft, light, coarse grained, durable when it touches soil, and red brown in color. Eucalyptus trees are native to Australia and because wildfires are common in the Australian region, these trees can survive the fire. Widespread across the UK, but most common in the north and west. The leaves are needle like and they resemble the leaves of pine trees also. They are yellow green in color and they can stay on the twig for 5 to 6 years easily. Tree species such as maple, poplar, and beech are in-creasing in abundance. If you are looking into landscaping of any space, it is important to know what the trees will look during the different seasons. It is considered as the most well known and the most valuable hickory tree. The Major North American Conifers with Descriptions, The Best and Worst Trees in an Urban Forest, Illustrations of Common Eastern United States Trees by Charles Sprague Sargent, The 5 Most Common North American Maple Trees, The Most Common North American Hardwood Trees, Aspen Tree - The Most Common Broadleaf Tree in Western North American, 13 Most Common North American Pine Species, 22 Common Insects Pests That Are Harmful to Trees, Eastern White Pine, a Common Tree in North America, Tree Communities of the Forest Biomes of North America, B.S., Forest Resource Management, University of Georgia. The lumber obtained from it is quite hard for any interior finishes. Inversely egg shaped. One tree can stay on a twig for almost 2 years. A black locust tree is a medium sized, deciduous tree that is found in North America, South Africa, Asia, and Europe. This tree species is commonly found in North America, Asia, and Europe. The leaves of the black oaks have bristles on their tips instead of being round and the acorns are bitter as well. Flowering dogwood is one of the most common understory hardwoods you will see in both hardwood and coniferous forests in eastern North America. What Tree Is That?™ was made possible through the generosity of John C. Negus and Family and other Arbor Day Foundation members. The bark is darkish red brown in color but it has long breathing pores. Basswood is common in deciduous forests throughout the Midwest and makes for a popular yard and boulevard tree because of the benefits it provides for both people and urban wildlife! The wood is usually used for wheel hubs and crates, veneer, hoops and barrel staves. It is mainly used for tool handles, sporting goods, furniture, oars, and agricultural implements. Leaf: Opposite, palmately-compound with 7 leaflets. The balsam fir tree is commonly found in cold and deep swamps around the states. As it gets older, it starts getting edges and furrows in it. A bitternut hickory is a large sized, deciduous tree that largely grows around North America. The leaves are quite simple and average-sized and they have a rich, dark green color. The upper branches of this elm tree make the tree look like a fan shaped crown. A white ash tree is considered as one of the most fast-growing and valuable trees in the woodlots of New York. Moreover, the size of the tree is quite small, which is why it is not commonly used for commercial uses. The bark of a black willow tree is rough, thick and it has scales all over it. A black walnut tree is a medium to large sized, deciduous tree that is commonly found in North America, Africa, and some places in Europe. It is commonly found in the moist, deep soils of New York. An eastern hemlock tree is a large, long lived, shade loving, coniferous tree that is native to North America. The wood of the tree is evenly grained, soft, light, but strong. Although it is a short-lived tree, it can quickly establish itself even in the oldest fields. The lumber it provides is used for a variety of things such as doors, buckets, boxes, interior trims, and sashes. Often, the American larch is considered as the “forest tree of swamps.” It can easily be found in the mountainous locations including steep slopes, but it can also be found in cold swamps around North America (it is extremely popular in New York). The wood is often used for cedar chests, pencils, interior decorating, and cabinet works. In addition, this tree is commonly planted on the edge of swamps and along watercourses. As it gets older, the bark starts breaking in an irregular way and reveals shallow furrows. The wood is very rarely used for tool handles. This tree can be planted anywhere in the country except for places with high elevations. Whatever the case may be, there are many types of trees that one should gain insight on. The bark of this tree is reddish brown in color and it is quite rough even at a young age. As the tree begins to age, the bark of the tree starts to peel off. In addition, their growing characteristics vary greatly among species. Discover the different types of Cedar trees here. The reason for this is that it is used for almost the same uses except for wood carving. Although, this tree successfully adds aesthetic value to any location, it tends to clog sewers and drains. However, many butternut trees are contaminated with canker diseases. Discover the different types of Chestnut trees here. Although, the tree rarely ever reaches a big size, when it does, the wood is used for lumber. The leaves, bark, and seeds are often used to treat disorders and diseases as well. Although not as numerous in stem count as red maple, Populus tremuloides is the most widely distributed tree in North America spanning the entire northern portion of the continent. Common and Scientific Names of Other Trees Mentioned [introduction] [the keys] [list of 50 trees] [making a tree collection] [forest appreciation] [back to the homepage] As the tree ages, the bark becomes heavily furrowed, thick, and smooth. Black or “Swamp” Ash. Endemic species. The American chestnut tree is a subspecies of the chestnut tree. The bark of this tree is bright yellowish silver when it is young, and as it grow, it begins to peel off. This tree is considered as a valuable forest tree and is commonly found everywhere in North America. It is commonly used for crates, boxes, pulp and excelsior. However, poor oak regeneration in recent years is a cause for concern. Elm trees are either semi-deciduous or deciduous trees. This tree is commonly planted in sandy and poorer quality soils, peat bogs, and rocky outcrops or near the forest limit. The wood of this tree is –somewhat- strong, coarse-grained, and inexpensive. Although, striped maple, black maple, Norway maple, mountain maple, and box elder are all famous maple trees, below we have discussed (in detail) some of the world’s most popular maple trees. A balsam fir is an evergreen, medium size forest tree that is native to northeastern United States and eastern and central Canada. For example, a pitch pine tree can grow well in low nutrient, acidic, and sandy soils. The ideal location for a black locust tree would be well drained, rich soils. This tree is very similar to the American hornbeam and it is quite popularly found in the stony, dry soils on ridges and slopes. Since this tree species grows quite fast, it is prone to diseases and insects, which is why it is commonly planted in lands that are away from human population. The wood of this tree is very tough and very strong. Just like the tree, the leaves of this tree are small and simple, they have a pointed tip and they are broader compared to the black cherry tree leaves. There are a few other species of the beech tree that are spread in different nations around the world including South Asia. The wood of this tree is coarse, heavy, and strong. One side of the leaf is kind of rough. The wood of the sycamore tree is tough, hard, not strong, heavy, coarse grained, hard to work with and brown red in color. Different areas of the world have different maple trees. A shadbush tree is commonly found along river banks, streams, along fences, and on hills. It can be found in Canada, Pakistan, Australia, India, China, South and North America, Southern South America, and New Zealand. A black ash tree is normally found in the deep swamps of Northeastern United States and eastern Canada. The leaves of the black cherry tree are quite simple with pointed tips. Believe it or not, this tree is usually found in situations that are not suitable for other types of trees. What are the advantages and drawbacks of the most common Christmas tree types? How to identify: distinctive serrated leaflets that are found in 5-8 pairs, giving the leaves a feather-like appearance. The fields of central southern Europe were full of English elm trees before the Dutch Elm disease took over. In its broadest sense, a tree is any plant with the general form of an elongated stem, or trunk, which supports the photosynthetic leaves or branches at some distance above the ground. A paper birch tree flourishes the most when it is planted alongside streams, swamps, and lakes. The reason why it is called a white oak tree is because it is not common to find any tree species that has a white bark, light gray is common… Did you know: rowan trees were once widely planted as a protection from witches. Sometimes, these trees are planted in drier locations as well. The black willow tree does not have much importance in terms of its timber production but it can be used for other things. The leaves are simple and small. The leaves are small, but bright green in color, possessing a strong therapeutic aroma. A black oak tree is a small sized, fast growing, deciduous tree that is commonly found in central and eastern North America. The leaves of this tree are commonly yellow green and simple. The wood of the sassafras tree is commonly used to make fence posts. This tree is spread all around North America but the wood is not as valuable as one would think which is why these trees are often sighted everywhere. Not only will this provide us with clean water and jobs but also aesthetic beauty and clear air to breathe. The bark of this tree is brown red in color and it has deep furrows on it when it is young. A white oak tree is a medium to large sized, long lived, deciduous and evergreen tree that is commonly found in central and eastern North America. How to Identify Trees By Leaf Shape. In addition, they are usually paired with another tree. Trees are primarily categorized into two categories, deciduous and coniferous. The Arbor Day Foundation is a 501(c)(3) nonprofit conservation and education organization. It is quite rough and dusty brown in color. The leaves of this tree have a blunt point, they are simple, and have a dark green color. Discover the different types of Arborvitae trees here. The wood of the eastern white pine tree is even textured, soft, light brown, and can be easily worked with. The symmetrical crown of the American elm tree makes it the ornamental tree. The leaf of the maple tree is most likely the easiest to identify as it is found on the Canadian national flag and on the uniforms of the Toronto Maple Leafs. An Arborvitae is a medium-sized forest tree that slowly grows. As it gets older, it started becoming gray black and extremely rough. This tree loves cool swamps, wet woods and bottomlands throughout Pennsylvania. The bark of this tree can be used as an astringent and as a remedy for diseases like fevers, anemia, and dysentery. Believe it or not, because of forests, 1.6 billion people have jobs. Unfortunately, trees are being cut down excessively nowadays, which is why more people should start planting trees. This tree is the most widespread and most common tree found in east and central North America. See a complete list of the coniferous and deciduous trees you can find native to our great state. The wood of the black oak tree is strong, hard, and heavy, but not as valuable as the red oak tree. However, it has weak wood which is why it should not be planted near cars, homes, and other buildings. The wood of this tree is aromatic, brittle, weak, soft, and extremely durable when it comes in contact with soil. Discover the different types of Aspen trees here. These large, common pines are the original “Penn’s Woods” tree! It is also one of the most common of small trees in the urban landscape. The scarlet oak tree adds a beautiful aesthetic because of its unique colored leaves; it is often used as an ornamental piece by many homeowners. Latest. The wood is coarse-grained, hard, strong, and light brown in color. As the bark reaches the top of the tree, it starts peeling off and it reveals a beautiful, bright green yellow inner bark. This tree is shade intolerant and it can grow in many different kinds of soils. The reason why it is called red maple is that during the fall time, the leaves of this tree turn a beautiful bright red color. A black willow tree requires wet or moist soil along lakes and streams to grow to its fullest potential, but it can also be grown on sandy, fresh and gravely soils where it can soak up a good amount of sunlight. This tree is considered as the most valuable cherry tree found in New York. The wood of this tree is strong, light, and hard, coarse-grained and pale brownish red heartwood. Some deciduous trees, such as oak or hickory, are very hard indeed. Also called bull pine and old-field pine, Pinus taeda is the most widely planted pine tree in the eastern coastal states. It became a popular tree type to have because many people use it as a Christmas tree. Moreover, there are clusters of needles that are located on the trunk. Moreover, if the tree gets damaged because of these fires, it can re-sprout. A dogwood tree does well when it is getting stocked up with lots of water and it is socking up a good amount of sunshine. The leaves also have subtle serrate on the margin. It is planted in sandy soils and sometimes even in dry soils. Beech is an enchanting species and known as the queen of British trees. An eastern red cedar tree is a small sized, slow growing, coniferous evergreen tree that is found in North and Central America. It is an oak that inhabits coastal forests to the woodlands along the mid-western prairie region. To browse a variety of these trees, check out this online nursery that provides a wide range of the freshest plants and trees on the market, But the question then arises “what is the importance of understanding the different types?”. The wood of the chestnut oak tree is like the wood of a white oak tree (mentioned below) but it is not as precious as it. The most distinguishable factor of maple trees would be the arrangement of its leaves, twigs, and buds. The leaves are quite similar to the red maple tree leaves, but they possess a green and silvery white color, which is why it is called the silver maple. Most trees have a layer of bark covering the trunk that adds as a protective shield. The acorns of this category take a year to mature which is why they are referred to as annual oaks. These are the beautiful types of trees that are spread all across the globe that are constantly adding beauty to our planet while providing us with endless benefits. The bark of the black oak tree is dark brown, and smooth. The following list describes trees that grow well in northern Illinois, with recommendations on best planting sites for each species. The wood of the tree is commonly used for baskets, hoops and the bottom part of chairs. The bark of this tree is smooth and light brown. The bark of the sycamore tree is dark brown at the bottom half of the trunk and has deep furrows. This tree flourishes when it grows in deep moist soils, but it can do well in stony, drylands as well, where it is prone to burning. It is most commonly used for implements, flooring, ties, furniture and general construction where the sturdiness of the wood is required. The wood of this tree is gray brown in color, coarse grained, dense, and hard. Luckily, there have been serious measures that took place to revive this species. This tree thrives in abandoned lands but it is a valued cherry tree species. Like quaking aspen and with a similar range, balsam fir is the most widely distributed fir in North America and the primary component of the Canadian boreal forest. 15 Trees Every Outdoor Lover Should Learn to Identify . The wood obtained from the trees is quite precious and is often used for furniture, boats, musical instruments, and casket. Trees naturally clean the air we breathe and filter our drinking water. A northern red oak tree is a medium to large sized, fast growing, deciduous tree commonly found in North America. However, as it gets older, it gets darker and rough. Other trees have brilliant fall color, and many tree types provide food and shelter that beckon birds to your yard. In addition, the bark of this tree is ash gray in color and it is quite thin. Even though the wood of a mature basswood tree is firm, it can be cut easily. Beech, common. The wood is also used for framing. The white oak tree does well in moist soils as well as dry areas. The attractive foliage of this tree is what makes it the perfect ornamental tree, which is why it is used as a Christmas tree. It requires growing in moist hillsides or rich soiled bottomlands, but it can be grown in drier locations as well. The wood of this tree is light, coarse-grained, somewhat smooth in texture, light red in color, and often bought as white pine lumber. As it gets older, the bark starts cracking and it reveals a beautiful vibrant cinnamon red color. Will have from 3 to 9 leaflets, but normally 5 to7. The bark of this tree is gray and brown in color. A white oak tree produces high quality lumber. Common tree names are not as specific as Latin, Botanical, Scientific Tree Names, so … The reason why this tree is valued is that it has the ability to protect soil in wastelands so when other trees are planted, they can establish and flourish to their fullest potential. Maple trees are considered as one of the most important forest tree group in North America. Quercus alba can grow on the most fertile of bottomlands to the most sterile of mountain slopes. The tree species that are grown in other countries are known to be fast growing and they have valuable timber which is used for honey, essential oils, and pulpwood. The first ever black locust tree was planted in eastern United States, but as time has gone on; this tree has been widely spread all around the globe. This tree has valuable wood and edible nuts. Deciduous trees reproduce by bearing fruit that contains a seed or seeds. Hawthorn trees consist of a large group of small sized trees. A honey locust tree grows properly when it is in open lands instead of growing in confined spaces like forests. The leaves of the American hornbeam are simple and they have subtle serrate along the entire margin. The trunk is covered with thin shards of papery layers that peel of like paper. This pine is in abundance, particularly in western Canada and the Pacific Northwestern portion of the United States. This tall fir of the North American west is only surpassed in height by the redwood. The bark of this tree is light gray, and smooth. When it gets older, it starts becoming dark brown and black with rough ridges and deep furrows. The wood of this tree is strong, light, hard, tough and light brown in color. Maples in the area come in several different types, but the red maple is the most common tree in the state. American beech tree wood is often used as fuel wood. The wood of this tree is harder than a white oak’s wood; it is strong, heavy, coarse-grained, and dark brown with red highlights. This tree is native to eastern United States and southeast Canada. The leaves have tiny hairs where they connect with other leaves. The wood of the American hornbeam tree is commonly used for mallets because of how hard and sturdy it is. Trees also take in all the dangerous carbon present in the air and they are widely used in medicine. If this tree is ever cut down, it tends to grow back really fast. Some trees give off useful fruits and some have precious wood, while others are commonly used for ornamental purposes. In botany, a tree would be defined as a perennial plant that has an elongated trunk or a stem with supporting leaves and branches. One distinguishing factor about this tree is that during the fall time, the leaves turn into a beautiful brown red color. An American larch is a small to medium sized, boreal deciduous and coniferous tree that is most commonly found in Canada. The red maple tree wood is commonly used for cheap furniture, fuel wood, railroad ties, crates, and baskets. The pictures below are to more information on the most common trees … The leaves of the eastern cottonwood tree are simple, triangular shaped and fairly long. The bark of this tree is quite smooth and gray but as it gets older, the color gets darker. The wood is used to make shoe lasts, wood pulp, woodenware, and spools. This tree can grow properly on different locations including hillsides and swamps. An endemic species is a plant only native to a certain area. This tree has shown signs of adaptability in different soils and conditions. A pignut hickory tree is a medium sized, deciduous tree that is commonly found in Canada and Eastern United States. Discover the different types of Ficus trees here. The branches of this tree grow freely and they tend to grow quite long. Pinus contorta is prolific throughout the Cascades, Sierra Nevada and extends to southern California. The American beech is a deciduous tree of a large size. The wood of the northern red oak tree is light, strong, hard, heavy, and light brown red in color. The bark of the pin cherry tree possesses a bright red brown color and it is smooth with breathing pores. The wood of the European larch tree is heavy, durable, strong, but flexible. A dogwood tree (also known as a flowering dogwood) is commonly known for the light yellow and white flowers that begin to blossom on it during the spring time. The leaves are like needles, possessing a blue green color. This helps in the growth and development of the tree. The wood of this tree is used for tobacco boxes, crates, novelties, and butchers blocks and sometimes even for woodworks and furniture. The leaves are twister and resemble needles. Honey locusts are a tree species that are extremely adaptable to different environments, and they are considered as being the aggressively invasive species. The leaves may differ slightly in appearance between species as American holly trees have elliptical leaves with spiny teeth along the edges and winterberry leaves have a finely serrated edge. The branches on a tree are essentially supported by the large trunk instilled under the ground. Trees Grasses Mosses Shrubs Vines Wildflowers. It is important to know that the leaves of almost all the pine tree species are similar, as they all have needle like leaves. The leaves of the American larch tree change their appearance during the different seasons, but for majority of the time, they are pale green. The bark of the honey locust tree is smooth and brownish gray, but as it gets older, it becomes rough and blackish along the ridges. When these tree parts are all together, they form the shape of a maple leaf. A white oak tree is a medium to large sized, long lived, deciduous and evergreen tree that is commonly found in central and eastern North America. Related: Types of Mesquite Trees | Types of Redbud Trees | Types of Fig Trees. Black birch wood is a common substitute for expensive furniture woods such as mahogany and cherry. This wood is commonly used for furniture and fuel. It is commonly used to make cheap furniture, crates, boxes, paper pulp, and woodenware. The bark is similar to the bark of quaking aspen, but the branches possess a yellow color. The bark of this tree possesses a dark gray blue color, it is thin and smooth. It is a source of fuelwood as well for many farmers. The leaves are simple and they are 3 lobed. The leaves of this tree are simple and they have bristles on their tips. It is the kind of wood that is in demand for chemical wood pulp. The leaves of this tree are simple, and pointed at the tip. The leaves of this tree are simple with sharp pointed tips. The leaves of this tree are quite similar to the leaves of a black birch tree but the flipside of the leaves is a little hairy. The wood of the pin cherry tree is soft, coarse-grained, light, and light brown heartwood. It is dark brown with yellow sapwood. There are a few species of this tree that is native to Canada and the United States while some species are only found in Asia and Europe. It can be found in agricultural lands which have been abandoned. The wood of the tree is commonly used for furniture making, whereas the overall tree is used for medicinal purposes, fertilizers, and much more. It earned its name as “paper” birch because the trunk of this tree is thin and white and it peels off as paper would. Moreover, the oil extracted from its twigs is used for flavorings and medicinal purposes. It is a tree species that grows best in rich and moist soil locations. The leaves of the scarlet oak tree are simple and toothed. The bark of each maple tree depends on what type of maple tree it is. Lastly, the leaves of this tree are pointed sharply at the tips. More Survival. There is no other tree that has such versatile wood. The American chestnut tree is a large sized, fast growing, deciduous tree that is commonly found in North America, hence its name. A sassafras tree is a small size to medium sized, shade intolerant, deciduous tree that is commonly found in eastern North America and eastern Asia. Common leaf identification shapes include ovate (egg shaped), lanceolate (long and narrow), deltoid (triangular), obicular (round) and cordate (heart shaped). Guns. Similar to the pitch pine tree, this tree has needle like leaves as well but they possess a rich, deep green color. This tree species is commonly found in sandy soils, between mountains or on hillsides. These large, tall trees can be found on mountain slopes as well on flat grounds. They have teeth on the margins. Northern Illinois Tree Species List Trees well-suited to the conditions of their sites will be healthier, more likely to succeed, and will require fewer resources for care and maintenance. Moreover, this tree produces precious timber as well. A black cherry tree (often referred to as a shrub) is a fast growing, medium sized, deciduous tree that is widespread and commonly found in North and South America. There are a few –less known- species of ash trees that can be found in Asia. An important thing about these trees is that all the different species have many similarities including the way the leaves are shaped. It is commonly used for yacht making and fence posts. It has furrows and scales, but as it gets older, the furrows get deeper. This means, they are mostly planted at river bottoms, along streams, and in the damp low area of woods. A honey locust tree is a fast growing, short lived, medium sized, deciduous tree that is commonly found in central North America. It is light gray brown in color. Sycamore trees are often found where the soil is fertile and moist. Trees have been on planet earth for almost 370 million years, and there are a little over 3 trillion adult trees in the entire world. The wood of this tree is strong, heavy, durable, and hard. It is commonly planted in moist slopes, rich soiled woods, or along streams. However, as it matures, it turns into an ashy gray color and rough. The acorns of this category mature two times in one year which is why they are referred to as biennial oaks. However, as it gets older, it becomes brown and grey with deep furrows. Maple. Moreover, the twigs of this tree have a beautiful scent. Discover the different types of Eucalyptus trees here. This tree grows well on slopes as well. The bitternut hickory tree does well in rich, moist soils. It is also called a "keystone" tree species because of its importance in diverse forest ecosystems within its large range. Instead, it includes a different variety of plants that have grown independently with branches and a trunk that allows them to become taller than other plants. The leaves of this tree are usually compound with sharp pointed and serrate around the edges. Other popular chestnut trees are found in Europe and Asia (especially in Japan and China). However, the definition of a tree is not just limited to a taxonomic group. Outside this area, unless spread naturally it is considered non-native, usually as a result of cultivation. Several varieties of Pseudotsuga menziesii, including the coastal Douglas fir of the Cascade Mountains and the Rocky Mountain Douglas fir of the Rockies. The tree got the name “quaking” aspen because even when a small breeze hits, the entire leaves start moving vigorously, causing a quaking sound. The wood of this tree is weak, light, soft, and dark brown in color. An American elm tree is a medium sized, deciduous tree that is commonly found in North America especially in Nova Scotia, Alberta, Montana, Florida and Texas. It is covered in small patches of balsam blisters that have an oily resin them. Fall color is yellow or brown. The peeling process is unique as it peels off in long strips that are attached in the middle but loose on the ends. However, as it gets older, it becomes a deeper red brown color and gets deep furrows all over. It will grow from sea level to nearly 5,000'. The bark of the white spruce tree is light brown red in color and it separates in slim scales all over. A United States Forest Service report called the "Checklist of Native and Naturalized Trees" suggests that there may be more than 865 different species of trees in the United States. Listed below are tree books available at local book stores that will give additional information: The Audubon Society Field Guide to North American Trees; Trees of North America - … Moreover, this tree is considered as the favorite for the early settlers because it was their dooryard tree. The leaves are –somewhat- small and they have teeth on their edges. The American chestnut tree wood is commonly used for posts. The wood of this tree is hard, strong, heavy, and light brown in color. They are quite smo. Discover the different types of Hemlock trees here. It is the kind of tree that flourishes in low fertile slopes and on stream banks. Trees woods and wildlife. Apart from adding natural beauty to the highway area, this tree provides the people of the world with thousands of gallons of thick maple syrup and the wood of this tree is of a high grade. 16. This article may include references and links to products and services from one or more of our advertisers. Although "tree" is a term of common parlance, there is no universally recognised precise definition of what a tree is, either botanically or in common language. A red spruce tree is a small to medium sized, shade tolerant, slow growing, perennial, coniferous tree that is commonly found in eastern North America and some parts of Europe. Sometimes they are also found on highlands. A scots pine (also known as a scotch pine) tree is a medium to large sized, coniferous evergreen tree commonly found in Europe and Asia. The bark of this tree is dark gray in color and has odd furrows all over it. There are two other types of black oak trees as well. It is most commonly used for pulp, boxes, excelsior, and artificial limbs as it is quite light. Eucalyptus is a genus that contains more than 700 species of shrubs, flowering plants, and trees. We may be paid compensation when you click on links to those products and/or services. The leaves of the American chestnut tree are small, oval, and light brown in color. The bark of this tree is light gray in color and has shallow furrows on it. This birch specie is often confused with a paper birch tree (mentioned below) but a gray birch tree is not as valuable or big as a true paper birch tree. The leaves of this tree have round lobes and they are quite simple. The wood of this tree is not commonly used commercially, but when it is used, it is used to make barrel staves, fence posts, hoops, and ties. The American elm tree is considered as one of the most graceful, well known, and beautiful tree in New York. VA Dept. A United States Forest Service report called the "Checklist of Native and Naturalized Trees" suggests that there may be more than 865 different species of trees in the United States. The wood of the white ash tree is quite strong, hard, coarse-grained, tough, and heavy. Here are the 10 most commonplace native trees in the United States, based on several Federal surveys of tree species stem count, and are listed here in order of estimated numbers of trees by species: Red maple is the most common tree in North America and lives in diverse climates and habitats, mainly in the eastern United States. A butternut tree is a slow growing, deciduous tree that is native to southeast Canada and eastern United States. Recently, many homeowners have started using these trees are seen as ornamental pieces or hedges. The bark of this tree is smooth and light gray, but as it gets older, the texture of the bark gets rough and the color turns a brown red. 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